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quarta-feira, 31 de maio de 2017

«The Time Machine» - Infographic & Plot Summary

The Time Machine tells the story of man who claims to travel through time and the group of gentlemen friends who do not believe him. It opens on a Thursday evening dinner party at the Time Traveller's house in the London suburb of Richmond. The men meet every Thursday for dinner. The period is the late 19th century.

The Time Machine

After dinner, the Time Traveller theorizes that time is simply a fourth dimension of space. Just as people can move around in space with the help of balloons to go up, so, he claims, they can move around in time. He takes his guests to his laboratory where he shows them an object made of crystal, ivory, and brass. He says it is a time machine. It has a saddle and two levers, one to go forward and one to go back through time.
The next Thursday when the group reconvenes at the house, the Time Traveller is not there. He has left a note saying he is out. Because it is already 7:30 p.m., they sit down to dinner. Suddenly, the Time Traveller appears, pale, dirty, and bleeding. He claims to have been traveling through time. In the semidarkness after dinner, he tells the following tale about what happened:
At 10 o'clock that morning, he set out in the time machine. As he pressed the future lever, he flew through time, watching day and night rapidly switch places. He was scared, and the motion was unsettling. He did not know where he would end up. Finally, he crashed on a little lawn. He could tell from dials that the year was 802,701. Nearby on a bronze pedestal stood the white marble statue of a sphinx.

The Eloi

He also notices a huge, magnificent building. A group of figures come out to meet him. They are called Eloi, and are about four feet high with curly hair, red lips, and large, liquid eyes. They wear soft, silky robes and act like children.
The Eloi take him to their building, where he dines on fruit. The building is grand but also neglected and dirty. The following day, he sees that all the Eloi do is play. One of their favorite pastimes is swimming. When one begins to drown, he leaps in and rescues her. He finds out that her name is Weena, and she becomes devoted to him.

The Morlocks

Exploring the countryside, he comes across a large, circular well. There is a kind of ladder down its side. He cannot see into it, but he hears a deep humming. He guesses it is a ventilation shaft for some sort of underground facility. At night, he sees what he thinks is a ghost or a white monkey.
The next morning, he finds his time machine has disappeared. Following marks on the ground, he deduces that it is inside the hollow pedestal of the sphinx statue. He tries to break in but fails. He decides to investigate the well, wondering whether the creatures living down there might have taken his machine.
Descending the ladder, he comes to a tunnel where he is set upon by strange, human-like creatures called Morlocks. Because they live in darkness they are all white, with grayish-red eyes. He looks into a large chamber where some are eating red meat and realizes, to his horror, that it is a joint from one of the Eloi.
He manages to escape up the ladder. Reflecting on what he had seen, he theorizes that over time humankind developed into two separate species: Capitalists and Laborers. The rich, educated people became the Eloi—kind and innocent, but weak. The workers who built subways and railroads became the Morlocks, hanging on to a sense of initiative that made them superior to the Eloi.
(Here, the Time Traveller pauses to take two white flowers from his pocket. The reader and the dinner guests are meant to believe they are from the future.)
The Time Traveller sees a large building some miles away that he calls the Palace of Green Porcelain. He sets off for it with Weena. At night, they are attacked by Morlocks when they camp. The Time Traveller lights matches to drive them away.
The Palace turns out to be an abandoned natural history museum. The Time Traveller finds more matches, and an iron bar he uses as a club. On their way back, he and Weena are attacked again after dark. He lights a fire that keeps the Morlocks away until he falls asleep. He wakes up to find Weena gone and the Morlocks snatching at him. The fire spreads to a nearby forest. It drives the Morlocks away, but Weena is dead.

Return to the Present

Back at the sphinx, the Time Traveller finds a portal to the pedestal open. Morlocks are waiting for him, but he manages to leap into the machine and lift off. Speeding into the future, he lands three million years ahead on a deserted beach. Two monster crabs come for him, and he flees further into the future where there is only a strange octopus-like creature thrashing in the waves. He sets the machine to return to the present.
When the Time Traveller finishes his tale, he is met with skepticism, although a scientist present admits he cannot identify the flowers. The Narrator keeps an open mind. Returning to the house the next day, he finds the Time Traveller with a camera and knapsack setting off again. The Narrator observes the machine disappear in a blur. Reporting that the Time Traveller has not been seen since, he retains the two white flowers.
The Time Machine Plot Diagram
Falling ActionRising ActionResolutionClimax123456789101112Introduction

segunda-feira, 29 de maio de 2017

«Crime and Punishment» - Infographic & Plot Summary

Part 1

The setting is Russia in the 1860s. During a hot July in Saint Petersburg, Raskolnikov, an impoverished student, plans a crime. In preparation he visits Alyona, a greedy pawnbroker, and memorizes where she keeps her money. Later he meets Marmeladov, a former clerk, and his impoverished family. Marmeladov's alcoholism has forced his oldest daughter, Sonia, into prostitution to support them.
The next day Raskolnikov reads a letter from his mother, Pulcheria. His sister, Dounia, has survived a near scandal after refusing the advances of her employer, Svidrigaïlov. Dounia plans to marry Luzhin, a rich lawyer, to help her family. Pulcheria and Dounia will visit Raskolnikov soon.
Raskolnikov tries to help a drunken girl in the street. Later he becomes ill and dreams about a man beating his horse to death. Raskolnikov wavers about robbing and killing Alyona. He decides to do it when he discovers by chance that she will be home alone. A flashback reveals how Raskolnikov overheard a student talking about how Alyona's death would benefit others, confirming Raskolnikov's feelings. Raskolnikov kills the pawnbroker with an axe and robs her, then kills Alyona's half-sister, Lizaveta, who appears unexpectedly. He gets lucky and escapes without being seen.

Part 2

The police summon Raskolnikov for unpaid debts. He arouses suspicion by fainting as the police discuss the murders. He finds a distant hiding place for his loot. Deeply alienated, he becomes deliriously ill for days. Raskolnikov recuperates, as his friend Razumihin and a doctor, Zossimov, care for him. They notice his fascination with the murders.
Luzhin visits Raskolnikov, who threatens him about Dounia. Raskolnikov wants to get caught, but he does not want to confess. He drops hints about the murders to Zametov, a police clerk, and returns to Alyona's apartment to do the same with some workers there. No one believes him. A carriage runs over Marmeladov. He dies in Sonia's arms, a probable suicide. Raskolnikov gives money to his widow, Katerina Ivanovna, and he no longer feels the urge to confess.

Part 3

Dounia and Pulcheria visit Raskolnikov, who forbids Dounia to marry Luzhin. Dounia and Pulcheria worry about Raskolnikov's erratic behavior. They meet Razumihin, who falls for Dounia. Raskolnikov's guilt continues to torture him. Sonia visits Raskolnikov to thank him for the money he gave her family. Raskolnikov introduces her to his family.
To allay suspicion, Raskolnikov meets with Porfiry, a police investigator, to report that he pawned items with Alyona. Porfiry mentions an article Raskolnikov wrote about how "extraordinary men" are allowed to transgress moral boundaries without punishment. On his way home, a stranger calls Raskolnikov a murderer, terrifying him.

Part 4

Svidrigaïlov visits Raskolnikov. He wants to give Dounia money as an apology, but Raskolnikov is suspicious. Svidrigaïlov describes his depraved past and troubled marriage. He reveals that his recently deceased wife has left Dounia money.
Raskolnikov and his family uncover a lie about Raskolnikov and Sonia that Luzhin wrote in a letter to Dounia. Dounia breaks her engagement. Haunted by his crime, Raskolnikov breaks with his family, leaving them in Razumihin's care. Raskolnikov visits Sonia, believing she understands him. She reads to him about Lazarus. He discovers that Sonia knew Lizaveta.
The next morning Raskolnikov visits Porfiry. Suddenly another man confesses to the murders. Later Raskolnikov again meets the man who called him a murderer. The man apologizes, saying he jumped to conclusions.

Part 5

Luzhin plots revenge against Raskolnikov, planting money on Sonia to make her look like a thief. When he tries to entrap her at Marmeladov's funeral dinner, Lebeziatnikov, a neighbor, says he saw Luzhin plant the money.
Raskolnikov finally confesses his crime to Sonia. She is shocked but treats him compassionately. She encourages him to kiss the ground, confess, and be redeemed.
The Marmeladovs are evicted and become homeless. Katerina Ivanovna loses her mind, then dies of tuberculosis. Svidrigaïlov offers to help her children financially. He tells Raskolnikov that he has overheard his confession to Sonia.

Part 6

Porfiry tells Raskolnikov he knows he is the murderer but cannot prove it. He gives him two days to confess before arresting him.
Raskolnikov meets Svidrigaïlov, whose stories reveal he is a sexual predator. He has a new young fiancée, so he claims no interest in Dounia, but Raskolnikov is skeptical.
Svidrigaïlov lures Dounia to his apartment and locks her in. He uses Raskolnikov's crime to sexually blackmail her, then threatens to rape her. Dounia tries to shoot him, but her gun misfires. Svidrigaïlov asks if Dounia can love him, and she says no. He lets her go but keeps the gun.
Svidrigaïlov gives money to Sonia's family and to his fiancée. He checks into a hotel. He cannot eat and has terrible dreams. The next morning he shoots himself.
The next day Raskolnikov says goodbye to his family. Sonia gives him her cross, and then he leaves for the police. On the way he bows down and kisses the ground ecstatically. He sees that Sonia has followed him. At the station he learns of Svidrigaïlov's death. Shocked, he decides not to confess. However, as he leaves, he sees Sonia waiting. He returns to the police and makes his confession.

Epilogue, Chapters 1–2

Nine months later Raskolnikov goes to prison in Siberia for eight years. Sonia follows him. He still refuses to admit that what he did was a crime and remains alienated. Sonia perseveres, visiting him regularly. After a serious illness, he realizes he loves Sonia and is reborn into a new life.
Crime and Punishment Plot Diagram
Falling ActionRising ActionResolutionClimax123456789101112Introduction

sábado, 27 de maio de 2017

«Emma» - Infographic & Plot Summary

Emma, a romantic comedy set in England in the early 1800s, concerns the beautiful, clever, and rich Emma Woodhouse. Emma lives with her hypochondriac father and was raised primarily by a governess, Miss Taylor (Emma's mother died when she was five). Miss Taylor has recently married Mr. Weston, a widower with a grown son, and Emma misses her terribly. The other key person in Emma's life is Mr. Knightley, an English gentleman and close family friend who lives on a nearby estate. Both the Woodhouses and Mr. Knightley are landed gentry, but Mr. Knightley has mostly land, while Mr. Woodhouse has mostly money. Mr. Woodhouse's other daughter, Isabella, is married to Mr. Knightley's younger brother, John.
In her effort to fill the void left by the new Mrs. Weston, Emma befriends the young and beautiful Harriet Smith and resolves to improve her new friend's social standing. Harriet is being courted by a young, respectable farmer, Mr. Robert Martin, but Emma thinks Harriet can marry up. Therefore, Emma begins interfering, first by convincing Harriet to turn down a proposal of marriage from Mr. Martin, and then by introducing her to the young and handsome vicar Mr. Elton. Mr. Knightley is angry when he finds out, as he is a friend to Mr. Martin and thinks the match is a good one. Soon, a misunderstanding develops, in which Mr. Elton thinks he is courting Emma and Emma thinks he is courting Harriet. When Mr. Elton proposes to Emma, she is shocked. She explains that she thought he was in love with Harriet. In fact, Mr. Elton wants to raise his own social standing and was hoping to marry an heiress. After they part company acrimoniously, Mr. Elton leaves town. Emma is somewhat chastised by this fiasco and vows to never attempt matchmaking again.
After Mr. Elton leaves, Frank Churchill comes to town. Although Frank is the son of Mr. Weston and his late wife, he was raised by Mr. and Mrs. Churchill, his rich aunt and uncle on his mother's side. Mrs. Churchill is very possessive and doesn't like to share Frank with anybody. Frank has come to visit his father because he is secretly engaged to Jane Fairfax, the niece of a local spinster, Miss Bates. Jane has recently come home to spend time with her family before going to work as a governess. Frank keeps the engagement a secret because he knows his aunt will never allow him to marry a penniless girl.
Mr. and Mrs. Weston bring Frank to Hartfield, the Woodhouse estate, and a friendship develops between Emma and Frank. Soon, Frank begins flirting with Emma as a way to cover up his real love interest. Emma is flattered by the attention from the handsome and fun-loving stepson of her friend and former governess, Mrs. Weston. The two of them plan a ball, but before it can take place, Frank is called back to his aunt's estate. Emma feels let down, and she thinks she might be a little in love with Frank.
Mr. Knightley dislikes Frank, partly because Frank has been courting Emma, whom Mr. Knightley is secretly in love with, but mostly because he sees through the charming younger man. He begins watching Frank, and at some point he realizes Frank is playing a double game with Jane and Emma.
Mr. Elton returns to Highbury with a rich and obnoxious wife. When Frank comes back a second time, the ball is held, and Emma notices how handsome Mr. Knightley is. At one point during the ball, Harriet needs a partner, and Mr. Elton refuses to dance with her, mostly to hurt Emma. Mr. Knightley steps in to dance with Harriet and saves her from humiliation. Emma then admits to Mr. Knightley how wrong she had been to try to match Harriet with Mr. Elton.
Not long after the ball, Frank helps Harriet escape from a rowdy band of gypsy children demanding money. Harriet tells Emma that she is finally over Mr. Elton but that she is now in love with someone else above her rank. Emma encourages her while telling her to be cautious; she thinks Harriet loves Frank. By this time, Emma knows she is not in love with Frank and also realizes that he doesn't care for her, so why not pair him with her friend? However, she takes no action, as she has promised not to meddle.
The Highbury set have two more outings, the second one a picnic to Box Hill, home of Mrs. Elton's sister. Frank is in a bad mood at the picnic, and he begins flirting shamelessly with Emma because he is quarreling with Jane. Emma is also out of sorts, and as a result she makes a cutting remark to the defenseless spinster Miss Bates. Mr. Knightley rebukes Emma afterward with stern words, saying what she did was cruel and did not befit her status as a lady. Emma is crushed by the reprimand and, as a result, begins to pay more attention to the feelings and needs of others. After the Box Hill picnic, Frank abruptly returns to his Churchill relatives.
Not long after, Emma and the others at Highbury learn that Frank's aunt, Mrs. Churchill, has died. Following closely upon the heels of that news is word of Frank and Jane's engagement; Frank's uncle has agreed to the marriage. Mrs. Weston speaks to Emma, worried that Frank has been leading her on, but Emma explains that she had no feelings for him. In the meantime, Emma is feeling terrible remorse about misleading Harriet for a second time in affairs of the heart. Harriet, however, confesses it is Mr. Knightley, not Frank, that she loves. Emma is both astonished and crushed. She suddenly realizes that "Mr. Knightley must marry no one but herself!" She cannot bear the thought of not being first in his affections. She says nothing to Harriet and hopes her young friend is wrong in thinking that her affection is returned.
Mr. Knightley, who has been visiting his brother and Isabella in London, rushes back to Highbury when he hears about the engagement. He wants to comfort Emma, thinking she is in love with Frank. When he finds her in the garden, Emma reveals to him that she has never been in love with Frank. Mr. Knightley then tells her that he loves her, and she accepts a proposal of marriage. Now Emma has to tell Harriet yet again that the man Harriet loves has proposed to her. Harriet goes to London to stay with Isabella for a time. In the meantime, Mr. Knightley contrives to send Mr. Martin to London on business, where he reunites with Harriet. Soon they announce their engagement, and Emma is overjoyed that her friend has found happiness, despite Emma's presumptuous interference. Mr. Knightley decides that he will move into Hartfield so that Mr. Woodhouse's life is not disrupted by Emma's marriage. By the end of the novel, Mr. Martin marries Harriet, Mr. Knightley marries Emma, and Frank is to marry Jane as soon as the mourning period for his aunt is over.
Emma Plot Diagram
Climax123456789Rising ActionFalling ActionResolutionIntroduction

sexta-feira, 26 de maio de 2017

Moby & The Void Pacific Choir - Song «Are You Lost In The World Like Me?» - Video and lyrics

Look harder, say it's done
Black days and a dying sun
Dream a dream of god lit air
Just for a minute you'll find me there

Look harder and you'll find
The 40 ways it leaves us blind
I need a better place
To burn beside the lights

Come on and let me try

Are you lost in the world like me?
If the systems have failed?
Are you free?
All the things, all the loss
Can you see?
Are you lost in the world like me?
Like me?

Burn a courtyard, say it's done
Throwing knives at a dying sun
A source of love in the god lit air
Just for a minute, you'll find me there

Look harder and you'll find
The 40 ways it leaves us blind
I need a better way
To burn beside the lights

Come on and let me try

Are you lost in the world like me?
If the systems have failed?
Are you free?
All the things, all the loss
Can you see?
Are you lost in the world like me?
Like me? [x2]

If the systems have failed

quinta-feira, 25 de maio de 2017

«The Scarlet Letter» - Infographic & Plot Summary

The Scarlet Letter takes place from 1642 to 1649 in Boston, Massachusetts. (The colonial dates have been established by scholars studying the work; they are not stated explicitly by Hawthorne.) At that time Boston was part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, a settlement controlled by the Puritans, a Protestant group. Far less tolerant than later Protestant leaders in Connecticut and Rhode Island, the Puritans established a repressive theocracy. Any sin against God's will (as that will is expressed in the Bible) was considered a crime against society. The crime of adultery was punishable by death because it violated the seventh commandment.
The first part of the novel, "The Custom-House," is set in 1850 in Salem, Massachusetts. A 30-page introduction to the romance, this section merges an autobiographical account of Hawthorne's ordeal as a customs inspector with the fiction of his finding a faded scrap of cloth in the shape of an A accompanied by a manuscript describing the origin of the fragment.
The first chapter, "The Prison-Door," establishes the time, 1642, and the setting, Boston, for the rest of the novel. It opens with a crowd of people in "sad-colored garments and gray, steeple-crowned hats" gathered around the city's grim prison. They await the emergence of Hester Prynne, a beautiful young woman who had arrived from England, ahead of her husband, a "misshapen scholar" devoted to the investigation of the human soul. In the opening scene, Hester emerges from the prison with a baby in her arms. She has been convicted of adultery: her punishment, thought too easy by some, includes a few months of incarceration followed by a public shaming on the scaffold at the "western extremity of the market-place ... nearly beneath the eaves of Boston's oldest church." Stitched to the bodice of her dress is an elaborately embroidered A. Although Hester has been sentenced to wear the scarlet letter as a constant and public reminder of her sin, all marvel at her artistic needlework and the lively design wrought in gold thread that seems to mock the austere habits of dress among the Puritans.
Hester appears on the scaffold with her infant daughter Pearl—proof of her illicit affair—clutched to her breast. Many of the onlookers, put off by her flaunted beauty and dignity, demand to know the identity of her lover. She refuses, her misery heightened when she recognizes among the crowd her long-lost husband. She also suffers at that moment the demands of her minister, Arthur Dimmesdale, who begs her to reveal the name of her "fellow-sinner and fellow-sufferer." Hester refuses and returns to prison.
Her husband joins her there. A doctor, he provides medicine to calm both Hester and the baby, who is hysterical. Hester's husband has taken the name Roger Chillingworth to hide his identity so he can discover who her lover is and thus get his revenge. He extracts a promise from Hester not to expose him, a promise she makes but fears she will regret.
Released from prison, Hester supports herself and Pearl by making and selling beautiful needlework. Although she is free to go anywhere, Hester settles in a small home on the outskirts of town. Pearl is very disobedient, even wild. After a few years, Pearl's refusal to obey the strict Puritan rules becomes widely known and the authorities decide to remove the child from Hester's care. Hester begs Governor Bellingham not to take away her child. When Dimmesdale speaks up, Hester is allowed to keep her daughter.
Chillingworth, on his vengeful quest, moves in with Dimmesdale, claiming to help the minister recover his health. In reality Chillingworth is subtly torturing Dimmesdale, whom he suspects to have been Hester's lover.
One evening Hester, Pearl, and Dimmesdale meet on the scaffold where Hester had stood seven years before. Dimmesdale admits his guilt in not acknowledging his role in the affair, but he lacks courage to admit his guilt freely to the entire town. Hester is now beloved by the community for unselfishly helping everyone. The once despised A, a sign of sin, has come to be a welcome sight. Some say it now stands for able. Hester has become drab and plain; Dimmesdale has become shockingly frail and thin. Worried about Dimmesdale's decline, Hester convinces Chillingworth to release her from her promise to hide his identity. She, Dimmesdale, and Pearl meet in the forest. Hester tells Dimmesdale who Chillingworth really is, and they make plans to secretly leave for England.
Three days later on Election Day, Dimmesdale gives the greatest speech of his life. The people celebrate his saintliness, not realizing he is a sinner. To everyone's shock, he climbs on the scaffold and confesses his sin to the entire community. He rips off his shirt, baring his chest, and then dies in Hester's arms. In the final chapter, the narrator speculates on what Dimmesdale revealed on his chest: was it an A? Was there nothing at all? Chillingworth, having lost his reason for living, dies within months. He leaves all his money to Pearl, making her the richest heiress in the New World. Hester leaves Boston but then returns, remaining in her small house for the rest of her life. She is buried close to Dimmesdale, sharing with him a headstone carved with an A."
The Scarlet Letter Plot Diagram
Falling ActionRising ActionResolutionClimax123456789101112Introduction

terça-feira, 23 de maio de 2017

«Romeo and Juliet» - Infographic & Plot Summary

An old feud between the lords of two prominent Verona families, Capulet and Montague, flares up on the street outside of the Capulets' house and causes a fight among the servants and members of their households. The prince of Verona, who has the legal authority to rule in the city, threatens death if the violence continues.
Lord Montague's son, Romeo, enters after the street fight. He is in love with Rosaline, who does not love him back, so despair consumes him. His friends try to tease him out of his melancholy, but Romeo cannot be consoled.
Meanwhile, a young count named Paris has asked to marry Lord Capulet's 13-year-old daughter, Juliet. Lord Capulet gives Paris permission to woo Juliet that very night at a masquerade ball he's throwing. When Juliet's mother delivers this news, Juliet responds unenthusiastically that she will try to return Paris's interest.
Romeo learns that Rosaline will attend the Capulets' festival, so he and his friends sneak in. Romeo sees Juliet at the party and is so struck by her beauty that he forgets about Rosaline. He approaches Juliet, they flirt, and they fall headlong in love. Even though they discover their families are enemies and their relationship would be forbidden, they decide to get married the next day. Romeo goes to arrange it with Friar Lawrence.
Initially Friar Lawrence is dismayed at how quickly Romeo has transferred his love from Rosaline to Juliet, but the friar agrees to marry them in the hope that their union might resolve the feud between their families. That afternoon he weds the young lovers.
The tension between the feuding households simmers. Juliet's cousin Tybalt, offended by Romeo's uninvited presence at the party, challenges him to a fight. Romeo tries to avoid conflict with his wife's (and now his own) cousin. Then Romeo's best friend, the fiery Mercutio, insists on a duel to defend his friend's honor. Although Romeo tries to intervene, Tybalt kills Mercutio. Distraught, Romeo kills Tybalt and runs away. The prince arrives and announces that Romeo is banished from Verona under threat of death.
When Juliet finds out what has happened, she mourns for her dead cousin but is grateful her husband is alive. His banishment, however, seems worse than his death. When Juliet threatens to kill herself, the nurse promises to arrange for Romeo to come spend his wedding night with Juliet. The nurse finds Romeo at Friar Lawrence's cell, where the three conspire to sneak him into Juliet's room.
The next morning, after a sorrowful farewell, Romeo leaves for Mantua, intending to be reunited with Juliet once the friar has revealed their marriage to their parents and persuaded the prince to let him return. However, when Juliet's father decides (in ignorance of these events) that she will marry Paris that week, the friar's plan begins to unravel. When Juliet refuses to marry Paris, her father issues an ultimatum: do as he says, or he'll drive her out of the family. Desperate, Juliet runs to the friar for advice. He devises a plan in which Juliet will drink a potion that will make her appear dead. Then he will lay her body in the Capulet family crypt, where Romeo will meet her. The young newlyweds will then flee to Mantua until the Friar can make peace with their parents and the prince. When Juliet agrees, the friar plans to send a messenger to tell Romeo of the plan.
Juliet returns home and fakes obedience to her father, who moves the wedding date up a day to celebrate. Alone in her chamber, Juliet takes the potion. The next morning, when the nurse is sent to wake her for her wedding, she discovers Juliet "dead." The nurse, her parents, and Paris mourn. The friar arrives and directs them to begin the appropriate rituals and bring her body to the crypt.
Romeo does not receive the friar's letter. Instead, his servant Balthasar arrives and tells him that Juliet is dead. Heartbroken, Romeo secures poison from an apothecary, obtains materials to write his father an explanatory letter, and returns to Verona.
Outside of Juliet's crypt, Paris arrives to say farewell to her, instructing his page not to interrupt him unless someone approaches. As Paris strews flowers, Romeo appears. Paris seeks to detain Romeo, Tybalt's murderer, until the law arrives. Romeo tries to persuade Paris to leave him alone, but Paris will not, and both draw swords. Romeo kills Paris and then breaks into the crypt.
He finds Juliet there, as beautiful as ever. He embraces and kisses her and then drinks his poison and dies. Meanwhile, the friar has arrived and discovered from Balthasar that Romeo is within. As he approaches, he sees blood and weapons in the yard and hurries into the crypt. There he finds the bodies of Paris and Romeo. When Juliet awakens, he must show her Romeo's dead body. They hear a noise, and Friar Lawrence flees, begging Juliet to go with him, but she refuses. She kisses Romeo's lips in the hope that enough poison lingers there to kill her too. Then she takes Romeo's dagger and stabs herself to death.
Once the prince and all the family members gather at the crypt, Friar Lawrence tells what he knows. Romeo's letter to his father (whose wife has just died upon hearing of Romeo's banishment) fills in the rest. Moved by the young people's faithful love, Montague takes Capulet's hand and says he will build a golden statue of Juliet. Capulet says he will do the same for Romeo. In this way the feud between the families ends.
Romeo and Juliet Plot Diagram
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